Electric buses in Malaysia: Policies, innovations, technologies and life cycle evaluations

Al-Ogaili, Ali Saadon and Al-Shetwi, Ali Q. and Sudhakar Babu, Thanikanti and Hoon, Yap and Abdullah, Majid A. and Alhasan, Ameer and Al-Sharaa, Ammar (2021) Electric buses in Malaysia: Policies, innovations, technologies and life cycle evaluations. Sustainability, 13 (21). ISSN 2071-1050, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111577.

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A large-scale adoption of electric buses (EBs) is a promising solution to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. In the upcoming decades, the development of EB technologies will be initiated worldwide, including in Malaysia. Government policies to support EB deployments have been widely established. Therefore, Malaysia's National Automotive Policy has stated a roadmap of policies to promote a national groundwork accordingly. Following the elaboration of Malaysia's goals for EBs deployments by 2014 and 2020, there are crucial associated topics for EBs implementation, including EB innovations and technologies adoption. This study presents a deep discussion about the groundwork of EB innovations that have been initiated in Malaysia to meet the roadmap targets. This paper also comprehensively reviews the technical specifications of EB innovation technologies, including Electric Bus Innovation Malaysia, Malaysia Automotive Institute, and Go Auto prototypes. In addition, this study outlines the EB technologies that have been launched in three states in Malaysia, known as Putrajaya, Melaka, and Sarawak. Furthermore, a generic framework for life cycle assessments of EB is presented, focusing on the economic and environmental impacts. This framework provides the necessary groundwork for further studies on charging infrastructure requirements.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electric bus technologies; Greenhouse gas emissions; Energy demand; Life cycle assessments; Electric bus deployments in Malaysia
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of the Built Environment
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2022 04:23
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2022 04:25
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/28675

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