The implementation of virtual reality in digital factory-a comprehensive review

Sekaran, Sivadas Chandra and Yap, Hwa Jen and Musa, Siti Nurmaya and Liew, Kan Ern and Tan, Chee Hau and Aman, Atikah (2021) The implementation of virtual reality in digital factory-a comprehensive review. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 115 (5-6). pp. 1349-1366. ISSN 0268-3768, DOI

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The global trend in manufacturing has shifted from a manufacturing-centric process toward a user-centric process. This has resulted in a shorter lifespan and a high product replacement rate of any consumer product. Germany has introduced the concept of Industry Revolution 4.0 (IR 4.0) to convert manufacturing processes and mechanisms into cyber-physical systems (CPS). Digital factory, being the first step into CPS and IR4.0, is being targeted as the most important evolution of the manufacturing industry. This paper defines digital factories and their differences between other similar domains such as smart factories, CPS, and virtual factories. The requirements and goals of a digital factory are explained in detail to facilitate future digital factory tool developments. Furthermore, the current challenges faced in the implementation of the digital factory are proposed to be approached by adapting an interoperable virtual reality technology. This paper emphasizes the usage of virtual reality (VR) in simulating a digital factory that aids in the decision-making and efficient operation of a manufacturing facility. Furthermore, recommendations gathered from previous studies for developing VR-based digital factory tools are also explained in detail in this paper.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya Impact Oriented Interdisciplinary Research Grant Programme, IIRG (IIRG001A-19IISS)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Industry Revolution 4; 0 (IR 4; 0); Digital factory; Virtual factory; Virtual reality (VR); Smart factory; Cyber-physical system (CPS)
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2022 08:16
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2022 08:16

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