Zerumbone mediates apoptosis and induces secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in breast carcinoma cell culture

Barathan, Muttiah and Vellasamy, Kumutha Malar and Ibrahim, Zaridatul Aini and Mariappan, Vanitha and Hoong, See Mee and Vadivelu, Jamuna (2021) Zerumbone mediates apoptosis and induces secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in breast carcinoma cell culture. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 24 (11). pp. 1538-1545. ISSN 2008-3866, DOI https://doi.org/10.22038/IJBMS.2021.58573.13012.

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Objective(s): To investigate the potential anti-breast cancer activity of zerumbone in regulating apoptotic mediators and cytokines in comparison with paclitaxel (positive control). Materials and Methods: In this study, assays such as viability, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species, cell cycle, DNA fragmentation, and cytokines were carried out on MCF-7 cells after treatment with zerumbone and paclitaxel. Results: The results showed that zerumbone demonstrated a higher (18-fold) IC50 value (126.7 mu g/ ml) than paclitaxel (7.29 mu g/ml) in order to suppress proliferation and induce cell death of MCF7. The cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase and excessive intracellular ROS production during the in vitro zerumbone treatment indicated occurrence of apoptotic cell death although nuclear DNA fragmentation was not observed. The flow cytometer analysis of treated cells revealed secretion of proinflammatory cytokines suggesting the potential immunomodulatory activity of zerumbone. Conclusion: Although, zerumbone exhibited a higher IC50 value compared with paclitaxel yet its anticancer activity against MCF-7 cells is still parallel to paclitaxel hence zerumbone has the potential to be an antineoplastic agent in the treatment of breast cancer especially the luminal type A.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) from the Ministry of Education (MOE), Malaysia (FP109-2019A), University of Malaya Student Financial Aid by the Institute of Research Management & Services (IPPP), University of Malaya, Malaysia
Uncontrolled Keywords: Apoptosis; Breast; Cytokine; Natural; Zerumbone
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2022 06:24
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2022 06:24
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/28471

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