Psychosocial barriers of public transport use and social exclusion among older adults: Empirical evidence from Lahore, Pakistan

Al-Rashid, Muhammad Ahmad and Goh, Hong Ching and Harumain, Yong Adilah Shamsul and Ali, Zulfiqar and Campisi, Tiziana and Mahmood, Tahir (2021) Psychosocial barriers of public transport use and social exclusion among older adults: Empirical evidence from Lahore, Pakistan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (1). ISSN 1660-4601, DOI

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Transport planning and public health have been intertwined historically. The health impact of public transport services, such as social exclusion, is a widely discussed research topic. Social exclusion is a paramount concern for older adults' health in the wake of emerging global challenges. However, there remains a significant research gap on how psychosocial barriers faced by older adults in using public transport services influence the social exclusion behavior. The present research provides empirical evidence and shows the impact of certain psychosocial barriers of public transportation on older adults' social exclusion. A total of 243 Pakistani older adults (aged 60-89 years old) voluntarily participated in this cross-sectional study. The participants provided self-reports on their psychosocial barriers (including perceived norms, attitude, personal ability, habits, neighborhood social constraints, and intention) and the corresponding social exclusion. Partial Least Square Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) was utilized for the data analysis. The structural path model supported the significant associations between psychosocial barriers and social exclusion. Except for perceived descriptive norms, all other psychosocial barriers predicted older adults' social exclusion. The research portrays the significance of the psychosocial factors to examine social exclusion and offers practical implications for urban and transport planners. The concerned policymakers can use the research findings to develop age-sensitive, socially sustainable, and healthy cities.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR) (20174ARRHT/CUP), Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR) (J74I19000320008), PRIN 2017 (Research Projects of National Relevance) program
Uncontrolled Keywords: Social exclusion; Public transport; Psychosocial; Older adults
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Divisions: Faculty of the Built Environment > Department of Urban & Regional Planning
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2022 01:52
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2022 01:52

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