Decaffeination and neuraminidase inhibitory activity of arabica green coffee (coffea arabica) beans: chlorogenic acid as a potential bioactive compound

Muchtaridi, Muchtaridi and Lestari, Dwintha and Khairul Ikram, Nur Kusaira and Gazzali, Amirah Mohd and Hariono, Maywan and Wahab, Habibah A. (2021) Decaffeination and neuraminidase inhibitory activity of arabica green coffee (coffea arabica) beans: chlorogenic acid as a potential bioactive compound. Molecules, 26 (11). ISSN 1420-3049, DOI

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Coffee has been studied for its health benefits, including prevention of several chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, cancer, Parkinson's, and liver diseases. Chlorogenic acid (CGA), an important component in coffee beans, was shown to possess antiviral activity against viruses. However, the presence of caffeine in coffee beans may also cause insomnia and stomach irritation, and increase heart rate and respiration rate. These unwanted effects may be reduced by decaffeination of green bean Arabica coffee (GBAC) by treatment with dichloromethane, followed by solid-phase extraction using methanol. In this study, the caffeine and chlorogenic acid (CGA) level in the coffee bean from three different areas in West Java, before and after decaffeination, was determined and validated using HPLC. The results showed that the levels of caffeine were reduced significantly, with an order as follows: Tasikmalaya (2.28% to 0.097% (97 ppm), Pangalengan (1.57% to 0.049% (495 ppm), and Garut (1.45% to 0.00002% (0.2 ppm). The CGA levels in the GBAC were also reduced as follows: Tasikmalaya (0.54% to 0.001% (118 ppm), Pangalengan (0.97% to 0.0047% (388 ppm)), and Garut (0.81% to 0.029% (282 ppm). The decaffeinated samples were then subjected to the H5N1 neuraminidase (NA) binding assay to determine its bioactivity as an anti-influenza agent. The results show that samples from Tasikmalaya, Pangalengan, and Garut possess NA inhibitory activity with IC50 of 69.70, 75.23, and 55.74 mu g/mL, respectively. The low level of caffeine with a higher level of CGA correlates with their higher levels of NA inhibitory, as shown in the Garut samples. Therefore, the level of caffeine and CGA influenced the level of NA inhibitory activity. This is supported by the validation of CGA-NA binding interaction via molecular docking and pharmacophore modeling; hence, CGA could potentially serve as a bioactive compound for neuraminidase activity in GBAC.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universitas Padjadjaran (1733/UN6.3.1/LT/2021)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Decaffeination; Chlorogenic acid; Caffeine; Green coffee; HPLC
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QP Physiology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2022 06:28
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2022 06:28

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