Bibliometric analysis of hydrocarbon bioremediation in cold regions and a Review on enhanced soil bioremediation

Yap, How Swen and Zakaria, Nur Nadhirah and Zulkharnain, Azham and Sabri, Suriana and Gomez-Fuentes, Claudio and Ahmad, Siti Aqlima (2021) Bibliometric analysis of hydrocarbon bioremediation in cold regions and a Review on enhanced soil bioremediation. Biology, 10 (5). ISSN 2079-7737, DOI

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Simple Summary Anthropogenic activities in cold regions require petroleum oils to support various purposes. With the increased demand of petroleum, accidental oil spills are generated during transportation or refuelling processes. Soil is one of the major victims in petroleum pollution, hence studies have been devoted to find solutions to remove these petroleum hydrocarbons. However, the remote and low-temperature conditions in cold regions hindered the implementation of physical and chemical removal treatments. On the other hand, biological treatments in general have been proposed as an innovative approach to attenuate these hydrocarbon pollutants in soils. To understand the relevancy of biological treatments for cold regions specifically, bibliometric analysis has been applied to systematically analyse studies focused on hydrocarbon removal treatment in a biological way. To expedite the understanding of this analysis, we have summarised these biological treatments and suggested other biological applications in the context of cold conditions. The increased usage of petroleum oils in cold regions has led to widespread oil pollutants in soils. The harsh environmental conditions in cold environments allow the persistence of these oil pollutants in soils for more than 20 years, raising adverse threats to the ecosystem. Microbial bioremediation was proposed and employed as a cost-effective tool to remediate petroleum hydrocarbons present in soils without significantly posing harmful side effects. However, the conventional hydrocarbon bioremediation requires a longer time to achieve the clean-up standard due to various environmental factors in cold regions. Recent biotechnological improvements using biostimulation and/or bioaugmentation strategies are reported and implemented to enhance the hydrocarbon removal efficiency under cold conditions. Thus, this review focuses on the enhanced bioremediation for hydrocarbon-polluted soils in cold regions, highlighting in situ and ex situ approaches and few potential enhancements via the exploitation of molecular and microbial technology in response to the cold condition. The bibliometric analysis of the hydrocarbon bioremediation research in cold regions is also presented.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Putra Malaysia (9300436) (9678900), YPASM Smart Partnership Initiative (6300247)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioremediation; Cold region; Soil; Hydrocarbon; Bacteria
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2022 04:07
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2022 04:09

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