The diagnosis of lung cancer in the era of interventional pulmonology

Liam, C-K and Lee, P. and Yu, C-J and Bai, C. and Yasufuku, K. (2021) The diagnosis of lung cancer in the era of interventional pulmonology. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 25 (1). 6+. ISSN 1027-3719, DOI

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Advances in bronchoscopic and other interventional pulmonology technologies have expanded the sampling procedures pulmonologist can use to diagnose lung cancer and accurately stage the mediastinum. Among the modalities available to the interventional pulmonologist are endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needles aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) and transoesophageal bronchoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-B-FNA) for sampling peribronchial/perioesophageal central lesions and for mediastinal lymph node staging, as well as navigational bronchoscopy and radial probe endobronchial ultrasound (RP-EBUS) for the diagnosis of peripheral lung cancer. The role of the interventional pulmonologist in this setting is to apply these procedures based on the correct interpretation of clinical and radiological findings in order to maximise the chances of achieving the diagnosis and obtaining sufficient tissue for molecular biomarker testing to guide targeted therapies for advanced non-small cell lung cancer. The safest and the highest diagnosis-yielding modality should be chosen to avoid a repeat sampling procedure if the first one is non-diagnostic. The choice of site and biopsy modality are influenced by tumour location, patient comorbidities, availability of equipment and local expertise. This review provides a concise state-of-the art account of the interventional pulmonology procedures in the diagnosis and staging of lung cancer.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bronchoscopy; Endobronchial ultrasound; Navigational; Pleuroscopy
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2022 01:56
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2022 01:56

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