YOLO-RTUAV: Towards real-time vehicle detection through aerial images with low-cost edge devices

Koay, Hong Vin and Chuah, Joon Huang and Chow, Chee-Onn and Chang, Yang-Lang and Yong, Keh Kok (2021) YOLO-RTUAV: Towards real-time vehicle detection through aerial images with low-cost edge devices. Remote Sensing, 13 (21). ISSN 2072-4292, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13214196.

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Object detection in aerial images has been an active research area thanks to the vast availability of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Along with the increase of computational power, deep learning algorithms are commonly used for object detection tasks. However, aerial images have large variations, and the object sizes are usually small, rendering lower detection accuracy. Besides, real-time inferencing on low-cost edge devices remains an open-ended question. In this work, we explored the usage of state-of-the-art deep learning object detection on low-cost edge hardware. We propose YOLO-RTUAV, an improved version of YOLOv4-Tiny, as the solution. We benchmarked our proposed models with various state-of-the-art models on the VAID and COWC datasets. Our proposed model can achieve higher mean average precision (mAP) and frames per second (FPS) than other state-of-the-art tiny YOLO models, especially on a low-cost edge device such as the Jetson Nano 2 GB. It was observed that the Jetson Nano 2 GB can achieve up to 12.8 FPS with a model size of only 5.5 MB.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya under National Tapiei University of Technology-University of Malaya Joint Research Program [RK007-2020]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Object detection; Deep learning; Aerial imaging; Real-time detection
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2022 04:05
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2022 04:05
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/28122

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