Exploring the experiences and perceptions of haemodialysis patients observing Ramadan fasting: A qualitative study

Adanan, Nurul Iman Hafizah and Wan Md Adnan, Wan Ahmad Hafiz and Khosla, Pramod and Karupaiah, Tilakavati and Daud, Zulfitri Azuan Mat (2021) Exploring the experiences and perceptions of haemodialysis patients observing Ramadan fasting: A qualitative study. BMC Nephrology, 22 (1). ISSN 1471-2369, DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/s12882-021-02255-8.

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BackgroundThe festival of Ramadan is a month of spiritual reflection for Muslims worldwide. During Ramadan, Muslims are required to refrain from eating and drinking during daylight hours. Although exempted from fasting, many patients undergoing maintenance haemodialysis (HD) opt to participate in this religious practice. Many studies have explored the effects of Ramadan on health outcomes, however, the exploration from patients' own point of view pertaining to this religious practice is lacking. Thus, we aimed to explore the experiences and perceptions of Muslim HD patients observing Ramadan fasting from three HD centres in Klang Valley, Malaysia.MethodAn exploratory phenomenology qualitative study was conducted whereby subjects were purposively selected based on previous experience in observing Ramadan fasting. Face-to-face in-depth interviews were conducted, and study data were analyzed thematically and iteratively coded using a constant comparison method.ResultsFour major themes emerged from the data, namely: (i) ``fasting experiences'', (ii) ``perceived side effects of fasting'', (iii) ``health-seeking behavior'' and, (iv) ``education and awareness needs''. Patients expressed the significance of Ramadan fasting as well as the perceived impact of fasting on their health. Additionally, there is lack of health-seeking behaviour observed among patients thus, raising needs for awareness and education related to Ramadan fasting.ConclusionsFindings of this study shed light on patients' experiences and perceptions regarding Ramadan fasting which warrants the needs for an effective communication between patients and health care practitioners through a structured-Ramadan specific education program.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Putra Malaysia [GP-IPS: 9615300]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ramadan fasting; Haemodialysis; Qualitative; Perception; Experiences
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2022 01:14
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2022 01:14
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/27903

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