Cathinone: An alkaloid of Catha edulis (Khat) exacerbated hyperglycemia in diabetes-induced rats

Alsalahi, Abdulsamad and Chik, Zamri and Mohamed, Zahurin and Giribabu, Nelli and Alshawsh, Mohammed Abdullah (2021) Cathinone: An alkaloid of Catha edulis (Khat) exacerbated hyperglycemia in diabetes-induced rats. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 28 (8). pp. 4633-4643. ISSN 1319-562X, DOI

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Cathinone, the main bioactive alkaloid of Catha edulis (khat), slightly increased the blood sugar levels of healthy animals, while its effect on blood sugar levels of diabetic animals has not yet been reported. This study investigated the in vitro inhibition of cathinone on alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase as well as its in vivo glycemic effects in diabetes-induced rats. Rats were fed on a high fat diet for five weeks, which then intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin (30 mg/kg). Diabetic rats were distributed randomly into diabetic control (DC, n = 5), 10 mg/kg glibenclamide-treated group (DG, n = 5), and 1.6 mg/kg cathinone-treated group (CAD, n = 5). Additional healthy untreated rats (n = 5) served as a nondiabetic negative control group. Throughout the experiment, fasting blood sugar (FBS), caloric intake and body weight were recorded weekly. By the 28th day of treatment, rats were euthanized to obtain blood samples and pancreases. The results demonstrated that cathinone exerted a significantly less potent in vitro inhibition than alpha-acarbose against alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase. As compared to diabetic control group, cathinone significantly increased FBS of diabetic rats, while insulin levels of diabetic rats significantly decreased. In conclusion, cathinone was unable to induce a substantial in vitro inhibition on alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase, while it exacerbated the hyperglycemia of diabetes-induced rats. (C) 2021 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of King Saud University.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaya (ST015-2020), Institut Pengurusan dan Pemantauan Penyelidikan, Univeriti Malaya, Malaysia (PG0182015A)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cathinone; Catha edulis; Khat; Diabetes mellitus; alpha-Amylase; alpha-Glucosidase
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2022 03:22
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2022 03:22

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