Adipogenesis and therapeutic potentials of antiobesogenic phytochemicals: Insights from preclinical studies

Murugan, Dharmani Devi and Balan, Dharvind and Wong, Pooi-Fong (2021) Adipogenesis and therapeutic potentials of antiobesogenic phytochemicals: Insights from preclinical studies. Phytotherapy Research, 35 (11). pp. 5936-5960. ISSN 0951-418X, DOI

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Obesity is one of the most serious public health problems in both developed and developing countries in recent years. While lifestyle and diet modifications are the most important management strategies of obesity, these may be insufficient to ensure long-term weight reduction in certain individuals and alternative strategies including pharmacotherapy need to be considered. However, drugs option remains limited due to low efficacy and adverse effects associated with their use. Hence, identification of safe and effective alternative therapeutic agents remains warranted to combat obesity. In recent years, bioactive phytochemicals are considered as valuable sources for the discovery of new pharmacological agents for the treatment of obesity. Adipocyte hypertrophy and hyperplasia increases with obesity and undergo molecular and cellular alterations that can affect systemic metabolism giving rise to metabolic syndrome and comorbidities such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Many phytochemicals have been reported to target adipocytes by inhibiting adipogenesis, inducing lipolysis, suppressing the differentiation of preadipocytes to mature adipocytes, reducing energy intake, and boosting energy expenditure mainly in vitro and in animal studies. Nevertheless, further high-quality studies are needed to firmly establish the clinical efficacy of these phytochemicals. This review outlines common pathways involved in adipogenesis and phytochemicals targeting effector molecules of these pathways, the challenges faced and the way forward for the development of phytochemicals as antiobesity agents.

Item Type: Article
Funders: NKEA Agriculture (EPP), NKEA Research Grant Scheme (NRGS), Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-Based Industry, Malaysia (GA016-2014)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adipocyte; Adipogenesis; Obesity; Phytochemicals; Signaling; Thermogenesis
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2022 02:50
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2022 02:51

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