Immunohistochemistry usage profile in a Malaysian tertiary hospital's histopathology laboratory

Cheah, Phaik-Leng and Chau, Yann-Tyng and Looi, Lai-Meng (2021) Immunohistochemistry usage profile in a Malaysian tertiary hospital's histopathology laboratory. The Malaysian Journal of Pathology, 43 (3). pp. 353-359. ISSN 0126-8635,

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Introduction: Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was commenced in 1986 at the Department of Pathology, University of Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur and its usage has grown for the past 30 over years, hence it was felt that a review was timely in view of the scarcity of literature on IHC usage. Materials and Methods: All cases received by the Department of Pathology for histopathological examination between 1 July 2018 and 30 June 2019 were retrieved from the Laboratory Information System (LIS). All the IHC requests over this period were tabulated, with the exception of renal, muscle, rectal and nerve biopsies with their pre-defined algorithms for stains and cytological specimens. IHC stains performed solely for purpose of directing targeted treatment were also not included. Results: Immunohistochemistry was performed in 2044 (21.1%) of the total of 9686 cases, with a total of 5969 IHC stains performed i.e. 2.9 (5969/2044) IHC stains per case. All 91 antibodies available were used at least once during the study. 14 histopathologists (5 with < 10-years and 9 with >= 10-years postgraduate specialist experience) reported on the cases with no significant difference (p=0.90) in their usage of IHC stains. Among the most common IHC stains used, requests for Ki67 and MNF116 showed higher standard deviations compared with p63, CK7 and S100 among the histopathologists. From the relatively higher standard deviation for Ki67 and MNF116 it appeared that there was a greater difference in the requesting pattern between histopathologists for these two antibodies. Conclusion: The rate of use of IHC in our centre seems compatible with that of an academic centre. Personal preferences of the histopathologists, rather than years of postgraduate specialist experience appeared to influence the rate of usage and choice of antibodies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Immunohistochemistry; Usage; Histopathologists; Histopathology laboratory
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Pathology Department
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 09 May 2022 07:42
Last Modified: 09 May 2022 07:42

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