Antibiotic usage and resistance in animal production in Vietnam: A review of existing literature

Di, Khanh Nguyen and Pham, Duy Toan and Tee, Tay Sun and Binh, Quach An and Nguyen, Thanh Cong (2021) Antibiotic usage and resistance in animal production in Vietnam: A review of existing literature. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 53 (3). ISSN 0049-4747, DOI

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Inappropriate use of antibiotics in animal production system is one of the major factors leading to the antibiotic resistance (ABR) development. In Vietnam, the ABR situation is crucial as antibiotics have been used indiscriminately for disease prevention and as growth promoters in animals. Thus, a thorough understanding on the ABR in veterinary settings would be beneficial to the Vietnam public health authority in formulating timely interventions. This review aimed to provide information on the current status of antibiotic usage in animal husbandry in Vietnam, identified gaps in research, and suggested possible solutions to tackle ABR. To this end, data on ABR in animals were extracted from 3 major electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect) in the period of January 2013-December 2020. The review findings were reported according to PRISMA, which highlighted the emergence and persistence of ABR in bacterial isolates, including Escherichia coli, Enterococcus spp., and Salmonella species, obtained from pigs and poultry. The lack of awareness of Vietnamese farmers on the antibiotic utilization guidelines was one of the main causes driving the animal ABR. Hence, this paper calls for interventions to restrict antibiotics use in food-producing animals by national action plan and antibiotics control programs. Additionally, studies to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of the community are required to promote rational use of antibiotics in all sectors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antibiotic use; Antibiotic resistance; Veterinary; Animal husbandry; Chicken farm; Pig farm; Vietnam
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2022 02:57
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2022 02:57

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