A systematic review of group therapy programs for smoking cessation in Asian countries

Mohamed, Rashidi and Bullen, Christopher and Mohd Hairi, Farizah and Amer Nordin, Amer Siddiq (2021) A systematic review of group therapy programs for smoking cessation in Asian countries. Tobacco Induced Diseases, 19. ISSN 1617-9625, DOI https://doi.org/10.18332/tid/140089.

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INTRODUCTION Tobacco causes more than 8 million deaths each year. Behavioral interventions such as group therapy, which provides counselling for smoking cessation, can be delivered in group form and smokers who receive cessation counselling are more likely to quit smoking compared to no assistance. We review the evidence of group-based counselling for smoking cessation for smokers in Asian countries. METHODS The review aims to determine the availability of group-based therapy for smoking cessation in Asian countries. The outcome measured was abstinence from smoking following group therapy. Electronic database searches in PubMed, OVID Medline, SCOPUS, Google Scholar, and PsycINFO, using keywords such as: `smoking', `cigarette', `tobacco', `nicotine', `group therapy' and `cessation' (smok*, *cigarette*, tobacco, nicotine, group therap*, cessation) were used. The results were reported following PRISMA and PROSPERO guidelines. Review Manager was used for data analysis. RESULTS A total of 21251 records were retrieved for screening the abstracts. In all, 300 articles for review were identified and assessed for eligibility. Nine articles, including Cochrane reviews, randomized control trials, cohort, observational and cross-sectional studies, were included in the final review. There were three observational qualitative studies, two prospective cohort studies, two cross-sectional studies, one non-randomized quasi-experimental study and a single cluster-randomized, controlled trial. Group therapy was found to significantly increase the abstinence rate. Group therapy provided at the workplace, smoking cessation services, availability of pharmacotherapy, and socioeconomic status, appear to be key factors determining success. CONCLUSIONS Evidence of the use of group therapy for smoking cessation in Asian countries is still lacking despite publications in the Western population showed that group therapy was effective. Further research on group-based interventions for smoking cessation in Asian countries is required and direct one-to-one comparisons between group therapy and individual therapy for smokers who want to quit smoking, are needed.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaya Grand Challenge grants [GC004-15HTM] [GC004C-15HTM]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Smoking; Group therapy; Nicotine; Tobacco; Cessation
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Psychological Medicine Department
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2022 00:31
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2022 00:31
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/26758

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