The neutrino emission from thermal processes in very massive stars in the local universe

Yusof, Norhasliza and Abu Kassim, Hasan and Garba, L. G. and Ahmad, N. S. (2021) The neutrino emission from thermal processes in very massive stars in the local universe. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 503 (4). pp. 5965-5975. ISSN 0035-8711, DOI

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We present a new overview of the life of very massive stars (VMS) in terms of neutrino emission from thermal processes: pair annihilation, plasmon decay, photoneutrino process, bremsstrahlung, and recombination processes in burning stages of selected VMS models. We use the realistic conditions of temperature, density, electron fraction, and nuclear isotropic composition of the VMS. Results are presented for a set of progenitor stars with mass of 150, 200, and 300 M-circle dot Z = 0.002 and 500 M-circle dot Z = 0.006 rotating models which are expected to explode as a pair instability supernova at the end of their life except the 300M(circle dot) would end up as a black hole. It is found that for VMS, thermal neutrino emission occurs as early as towards the end of hydrogen burning stage due to the high initial temperature and density of these VMS. We calculate the total neutrino emissivity, Q(nu) and luminosity, L-nu using the structure profile of each burning stages of the models and observed the contribution of photoneutrino at early burning stages (H and He) and pair annihilation at the advanced stages. Pair annihilation and photoneutrino processes are the most dominant neutrino energy loss mechanisms throughout the evolutionary track of the VMS. At the O-burning stage, the neutrino luminosity similar to 10(47)(-48) erg s(-1) depending on their initial mass and metallicity are slightly higher than the neutrino luminosity from massive stars. This could shed light on the possibility of using detection of neutrinos to locate the candidates for pair instability supernova in our local universe.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Fundamental Research Grant Scheme [FP042-2018A]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Neutrinos; Stars: interiors; Stars: massive
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Physics
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2022 02:51
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2022 02:51

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