The association between periodontitis and erectile dysfunction: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Farook, Fathima and Al Meshrafi, Azzam and Mohamed Nizam, Nuzaim and Al Shammari, Abdulsalam (2021) The association between periodontitis and erectile dysfunction: A systematic review and meta-analysis. American Journal of Men's Health, 15 (3). ISSN 1557-9883, DOI

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The objective of this study is to investigate the association between periodontitis (PD) and erectile dysfunction (ED). A systematic review and meta-analysis on data was extracted and conducted according to PRISMA. Relevant articles were selected from a literature search using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science and CENTRAL from inception until August 2, 2020. Both randomized and nonrandomized controlled studies were included. Case reports, case series, nonsystematic reviews and trials published as abstract were excluded. Odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% con?dence intervals (CIs) were used to estimate the association between PD and the risk of ED. The meta-analysis was conducted with RevMan 5.3. Methodological quality assessment was carried out using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale and the quality of evidence was assessed using the GRADE approach. Six articles (215008 subjects) were included for analysis. Of the participants, 38,675 cases were compared to 1,76,333 healthy controls. Based on the random effects model, periodontitis was associated with an increased risk of ED (OR = 2.56, 95% CI: 1.70-3.85) as compared with the non-periodontitis individuals. The findings were statistically significant with a p < .0001. The statistical heterogeneity was high across all studies (I-2 = 98%, p < .00001). Estimates of total effects were generally consistent with the sensitivity and subgroup analyses. Within the limits of the available evidence, our review and meta-analysis showed that a significant association exists between the PD and ED. The results should be interpreted with caution due to high degree of inconsistency across all the studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Periodontitis; Periodontal disease; Gingivitis; Periodontal; Erectile dysfunction; Sexual; Dysfunction; Impotence
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2022 03:11
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2022 03:11

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