The effects of micro and macro structure on electronic properties of bismuth oxyiodide thin films

Abdul-Manaf, N. A. and Azmi, A. H. and Fauzi, F. and Mohamed, N. S. (2021) The effects of micro and macro structure on electronic properties of bismuth oxyiodide thin films. Materials Research Express, 8 (9). ISSN 2053-1591, DOI

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Bismuth oxyiodide (BiOI) thin film was deposited using successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) technique under the same molar ratio of bismuth (III) nitrate pentahydrate (Bi(NO3)5H(2)O) and potassium iodide (KI). The effects of micro and macro structures due to the post-annealing treatment has been studied towards the improved electronic properties of BiOI films. BiOI thin film was perfectly coated without any cracks or pinholes. The as-deposited BiOI film displayed small flakes with flower shape microstructure. The flakes size has increased from similar to 0.8 mu m to similar to 3.2 mu m upon annealing at 350 degrees C, thenceforth shattered with increasing annealing temperature. BiOI films annealed at 350 degrees C showed a sharper band edge slope with an energy bandgap similar to 1.61 eV compared to others annealing temperatures. The single crystalline BiOI film has transformed from tetragonal to tetragonal-orthorhombic polycrystalline with mix Bi5O7I3 and Bi7O9I3 phases after being annealed >= 450 degrees C. Electronic properties of BiOI were studied in terms of average resistance and conductivity measured using four-probe hall effect measurement. The conductivity value has reached the maximum for sample annealed at 350 degrees C, owing to the formation of ordered phase in material structure, higher crystallinity, larger flakes sizes, as well as reduction of defects and grain boundaries resistance. When the annealing temperature exceeded 450 degrees C, the electrical conductivity decreased due to the particle aggregation, sublimation of materials, formation of mix-phase and polycrystalline structure that generated grain boundaries and provided more resistance for electrons flow. The work has demonstrated a better understanding of material issues and some clues on the effect of the thickness, microstructure and structural properties on the electronic properties of BiOI thin film.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Science and Technology Development Fund (STDF) Ministry of Higher Education & Scientific Research (MHESR) (FRGS/1/2019/STG07/UPNM/02/3)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bismuth oxyiodide film; Electronic properties; Microstructural; Structural
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Centre for Foundation Studies in Science > Physics Division
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2022 04:50
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2022 04:50

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