Large fiber peripheral neuropathy in systemic sclerosis: A prospective study using clinical and electrophysiological definition

Raja, Jasmin and Balaikerisnan, Tharshannia and Ramanaidu, Letchumy Praba and Goh, Khean Jin (2021) Large fiber peripheral neuropathy in systemic sclerosis: A prospective study using clinical and electrophysiological definition. International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases, 24 (3). pp. 347-354. ISSN 1756-1841, DOI

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Aim: The reported prevalence of peripheral neuropathy in systemic sclerosis (SSc) is variable between 0.01% to 28%, probably due to differences in sample size, study design and population. Our aim is to determine the prevalence of large fiber peripheral neuropathy in SSc and to identify any contributing factors. Method: A prospective cross-sectional study of 60 SSc patients were evaluated for large fiber neuropathy using the modified clinical Total Neuropathy Score (cTNS) and nerve conduction study (NCS) of the upper and lower limbs. A combination of clinical (cTNS score >= 2) and NCS criteria (>= 2 abnormal nerves including 1 sural symmetrical polyneuropathy] and NCS abnormalities consistent with individual nerves/nerve roots focal neuropathy]) was used to diagnose peripheral neuropathy. Results: The majority had limited cutaneous subset (75%). Mean age was 55.73 (SD +/- 13.04) years and mean disease duration was 8.61 (SD +/- 8.09) years. Twenty-two (36.7%) had combined clinical and NCS criteria for peripheral neuropathy, 14 (23.3%) with symmetrical polyneuropathy and 8 (13.3%) with focal neuropathy. Symmetrical polyneuropathy patients had significantly lower hemoglobin levels (11.2 vs. 12.35 g/L; P = .047). Serum vitamin B-12 levels were normal, therefore excluding vitamin B-12 deficiency. No other associations were found for both polyneuropathy and focal neuropathy with demography, co-morbid diseases and SSc disease factors such as Raynaud's phenomenon and modified Rodnan skin score. Conclusion: Large fiber neuropathy is common in SSc patients, which could contribute to non-lethal burden in SSc with sensory loss and muscle weakness. Apart from lower hemoglobin in polyneuropathy, there were no associations with disease-specific features or co-morbid diseases.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Peripheral neuropathy; Polyneuropathy; Scleroderma; Sensory; Systemic sclerosis
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2022 08:01
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2022 08:01

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