Mapping trends and knowledge structure of energy efficiency research: What we know and where we are going

Mahi, Masnun and Ismail, Izlin and Phoong, Seuk Wai and Isa, Che Ruhana (2021) Mapping trends and knowledge structure of energy efficiency research: What we know and where we are going. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 28 (27). pp. 35327-35345. ISSN 0944-1344, DOI

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Energy efficiency (EE) is an evolving research aspect for researchers, businesses, and policymakers for its undeniable role in meeting increasing energy demand, reducing CO2 emissions, and tackling climate change. This paper provides a review of the current state of EE research by mapping the research landscape in business and economics to understand the socioeconomic dimensions within these research areas. To identify key information, we examine the trends and characteristics of 2935 relevant scientific publications over a 30-year period from 1990 to 2019 in the Social Science Citation Index of the Web of Science database using bibliometric analysis with a R language package called `bibliometrix'. Our analysis shows an increasing trend in publications from 2006 onwards; the period remarkably coincides with the implementation phase of the Kyoto protocol in 2005. Accordingly, we observe that EE research has a strong association with issues like CO2 emissions, climate change, sustainability, and the growing importance of these issues in recent years. Thus, our findings provide crucial understandings by incorporating a wide array of scientific outputs in response to calls for greater theoretical clarification of EE research. These findings provide insights into the current state of the art of, and identify crucial areas for future, research. Hence, our research assists in formulating environmentally sustainable policies to tackle the adverse effects of CO2 emissions and related climate change through providing critical grasps on the scholarly development related to EE.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Long-Term Research Grant Scheme by the Ministry of Higher Education (Malaysia), Universiti Malaya (LR001B-2016A)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Energy efficiency; Energy Policy; Climate change; Carbon emissions; Energy sustainability; Bibliometric analysis
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > Business
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economics
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2022 02:28
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2022 02:29

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