Expression of Ascaris lumbricoides putative virulence-associated genes when infecting a human host

Mohd-Shaharuddin, Norashikin and Lim, Yvonne Ai Lian and Ngui, Romano and Nathan, Sheila (2021) Expression of Ascaris lumbricoides putative virulence-associated genes when infecting a human host. Parasites & Vectors, 14 (1). ISSN 1756-3305, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.


Background: Ascaris lumbricoides is the most common causative agent of soil-transmitted helminth infections worldwide, with an estimated 450 million people infected with this nematode globally. It is suggested that helminths are capable of evading and manipulating the host immune system through the release of a spectrum of worm proteins which underpins their long-term survival in the host. We hypothesise that the worm overexpresses these proteins when infecting adults compared to children to cirvumvent the more robust defence mechanisms of adults. However, little is known about the parasite's genes and encoded proteins involved during A. lumbricoides infection. Hence, this study was conducted to assess the expression profile of putative virulence-associated genes during an active infection of adults and children. Methods: In this study, quantitative PCR was performed to evaluate the expression profile of putative virulenceassociated genes in A. lumbricoides isolated from infected children and adults. The study was initiated by collecting adult worms expelled from adults and children following anthelminthic treatment. High-quality RNA was successfully extracted from each of six adult worms expelled by three adults and three children, respectively. Eleven putative homologues of helminth virulence-associated genes reported in previous studies were selected, primers were designed and specific amplicons of A. lumbricoides genes were noted. The expression profiles of these putative virulence-associated genes in A. lumbricoides from infected adults were compared to those in A. lumbricoides from infected children. Results: The putative virulence-associated genes VENOM, CADHERIN and PEBP were significantly upregulated at 166-fold, 13-fold and fivefold, respectively, in adults compared to children. Conversely, the transcription of ABA-1 (fourfold), CATH-L (threefold) and INTEGRIN (twofold) was significantly suppressed in A. lumbricoides from infected adults. Conclusions: On the basis of the expression profile of the putative virulence-associated genes, we propose that the encoded proteins have potential roles in evasion mechanisms, which could guide the development of therapeutic interventions. GRAPHICS] .

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ascaris lumbricoides; Virulence-associated; Immune response; Helminths
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2022 08:26
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2022 08:26

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item