Home-Initiated-Programme-to-Prepare-for-Operation: Evaluating the effect of an animation video on peri-operative anxiety in children A randomised controlled trial

Nair, Tanuja and Choo, Candy S.C. and Abdullah, Nur S. and Lee, Sumin and Teo, Lois L.E. and Chen, Yong and Nah, Shireen A. and Chiang, Li-Wei (2020) Home-Initiated-Programme-to-Prepare-for-Operation: Evaluating the effect of an animation video on peri-operative anxiety in children A randomised controlled trial. European Journal of Anaesthesiology, Publis. ISSN 0265-0215, DOI https://doi.org/10.1097/EJA.0000000000001385.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1097/EJA.0000000000001385


BACKGROUND Hospital admissions and surgical operations commonly trigger anxiety in young children. Despite employing numerous support measures in our hospital, such as a pre-operative play room, the encouragement of parental companionship during induction of anaesthesia and distraction therapy, allaying the anxiety of our young surgical patients remains a challenge. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of a Home-Initiated-Programme-to-Prepare-for-Operation (HIPPO) on emotional manifestation and anxiety in children undergoing surgery. DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS One hundred and thirty children were randomly assigned to either control or intervention group between February 2018 and April 2019 in a tertiary paediatric hospital in Singapore. INTERVENTION In addition to our standard pre-operative workflow, the intervention group received an additional home preparation kit consisting of an animated video on preoperative preparation and age-specific preoperative preparation activity sheets. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES The primary outcome was the Children's Emotional Manifestation Scale score to evaluate behaviour and emotion in the children before and during induction of anaesthesia. Secondary outcomes evaluated anxiety levels in parents and children, the child's behaviour and degree of co-operation using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory scores, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Children scores, the Induction Compliance Checklist scores, the Visual Analogue Scale scores for anxiety and the feedback questionnaire. RESULTS The difference between the Children's Emotional Manifestation Scale score in control and intervention groups was not statistically significant. A promising difference was however observed in one of the secondary outcomes where the state-State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Children scores of 7 to 10-year olds in the intervention group almost reached significance; P = 0.067. CONCLUSION Despite being a child-friendly, easily accessible and affordable tool for patient education, HIPPO did not reduce anxiety experienced by children in the pre-operative waiting area or during induction of anaesthesia.

Item Type: Article
Funders: KKH Health Endowment Fund
Uncontrolled Keywords: Home-Initiated-Programme-to-Prepare-for-Operation (HIPPO); Surgery; Emotional manifestation and anxiety
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RD Surgery
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2022 07:58
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2022 07:58
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/26271

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