Productive engagement of older adults in China : A multilevel analysis

Sia, Bik Kai and Tey, Nai Peng and Goh, Kim Leng and Ng, Sor Tho (2021) Productive engagement of older adults in China : A multilevel analysis. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 21 (12). pp. 1138-1146. ISSN 1444-1586, DOI

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Aim: This study investigates how the personal characteristics and behavior, and health status of older adults in China influenced their productive engagement in paid and unpaid jobs. Methods: Data for this analysis came from 2002, 2005, 2008 and 2011 waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). We used a random intercept multilevel multinomial logit model to analyze data from 3208 older adults aged 65 from the 2002 wave, which decreased to 1385 in 2011. The main study variable is older adults' engagement in paid jobs and unpaid work (including housework, care-taking, poultry farming, and planting vegetables that have an economic value). Results: There was a strong association between older adults' productive engagement and their functional limitations to daily living activities, health and healthy behavior. Older adults with inadequate finance were more likely to be working to support themselves. Those who exercised less and living in the provinces with higher GDP were less likely to work post-retirement. Chronic diseases, advances in age, no education and rural residence did not deter older adults from doing unpaid work. Conclusion: Older adults in China were actively engaged in paid and unpaid activities. Efforts to support the active engagement of older adults require all stakeholders to promote healthy living, facilitate social engagements and provide an age-friendly work environment. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2021; 21: 1138–1146. © 2021 Japan Geriatrics Society.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: active aging; aging in China; paid job; productive engagement; unpaid work
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > Business
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economics
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2021 04:28
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2021 04:28

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