High-Brightness and High-Power Laser Welding of Powder Metallurgy Shape Memory Alloy: Welding-Parameter-Dependent Microstructure

Bahador, Abdollah and Umeda, Junko and Mizutani, Masami and Hamzah, Esah and Yusof, Farazila and Kondoh, Katsuyoshi (2020) High-Brightness and High-Power Laser Welding of Powder Metallurgy Shape Memory Alloy: Welding-Parameter-Dependent Microstructure. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 29 (2). pp. 987-996. ISSN 1059-9495, DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-020-04597-0.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-020-04597-0


Despite the growing interest in using powder metallurgy shape memory alloys, there is limited research on their joining and welding aiming to expand their applications. In this research, we utilized a high-power, high-brightness disk laser welding process to join spark-plasma-sintered Ti-51 at.% Ni shape memory alloy and studied the primary factors that affect the strength and functionality of the created sound welds such as intermetallics and martensite (B19′) phase formation. The introduction of high-power laser could impede the formation of B19′ and undesirable intermetallics such as TiNi3 and Ti2Ni; however, the desired Ti3Ni4 would also be suppressed and post-weld heat treatment was necessary to induce them again. The microstructure of fusion zones was significantly altered, producing coarse columnar grains with centerline and equiaxed weld centers. Additionally, high-power laser welding of powder metallurgy Ti-Ni alloy triggered amorphous phase formation in the welds due to rapid cooling. It was found that a laser power of 3 kW and welding speed of 6 m/min are optimal welding parameters, since the produced weld solidified along favorable [001] direction of strain recovery in Ti-Ni shape memory alloys. © 2020, ASM International.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Project to Create Research and Educational Hubs for Innovative Manufacturing in Asia, Osaka University of Special Budget Project of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
Uncontrolled Keywords: disk laser welding; microstructural characterization; shape memory alloys; spark plasma sintering
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2021 06:50
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2021 06:50
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/26046

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