Prevalence and risk factors associated with alcohol consumption among indigenous people in Sabah Borneo Island

Abd Rashid, Rusdi and Mohd Daud, Mohd Nazri and Guad, Rhanye Mac and Gan, Siew Hua and Wan Husin, Wan Azlinda Irnee and Giloi, Nelbon and Danaee, Mahmoud and Said, Mas Ayu and Liew, Constance Sat Lin and Bulan, Ramy and Manah, Abdul Marsudi and Hashim, Azirah and Seghatoleslam, Taherehbeygom and Habil, Mohamad Hussain (2021) Prevalence and risk factors associated with alcohol consumption among indigenous people in Sabah Borneo Island. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 29 (3). pp. 464-472. ISSN 1038-5282, DOI

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Objectives: In this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of alcohol use among a cohort of population in Sabah. Design: This is a prospective, cohort study involving rural community residents. Setting: Rural community resident at Bingkor, Keningau, Sabah. Participants: 363 individuals aged 13 years old and above. Intervention: Community-based participatory research to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with alcohol use. Main outcome measures: Measurement of alcohol use using Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and assessment of psychiatric morbidity using Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) questionnaires. Results: Most alcohol drinkers aged between 36-45 years old, followed by 26-35 years old and 46-55 years old. Interestingly, there are almost similar female to male ratio. Most were Kadazan-Dusun ethnic, non-Muslims, and married. Although only less than a third of the participants received tertiary education, the majority were working. Based on the findings, being a male, non-Muslim and having an obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) (current) posed a significantly higher risk of alcohol consumption. Conclusion: A worryingly high prevalence of hazardous alcohol consumption among the locals is reported. There is a need for population-wide intervention towards preventive measures based on the identified risk factors for hazardous alcohol use. © 2021 National Rural Health Alliance Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University Malaya Research Grant (RP 014‐2012A)
Uncontrolled Keywords: alcohol; Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; indigenous people of Sabah; Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview; risk factors
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Languages and Linguistics
Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2021 04:26
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2021 04:26

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