Simulium (Gomphostilbia) aziruni: First record of a black fly (Diptera: Simuliidae) attracted to a human in Malaysia

Izwan-Anas, Noor and Ya'cob, Zubaidah and Low, Van Lun and Lourdes, Emmanuel Yogan and Ramli, Rosli and Bolongan, Gilmoore and Takaoka, Hiroyuki (2021) Simulium (Gomphostilbia) aziruni: First record of a black fly (Diptera: Simuliidae) attracted to a human in Malaysia. Acta Tropica, 218. p. 105904. ISSN 0001-706X, DOI

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Most female black flies in the genus Simulium are blood-sucking flies and they can cause various parasitic diseases in human and animal. A total of 94 species of black flies have been reported in Malaysia, however, their biting behavior and role as vector of infectious agents remain understudied. To fill in this knowledge gap, we attempted to survey adult black flies from field populations in Peninsular Malaysia. In a survey carried out in 2017 at Tasik Kenyir, Terengganu, three females were caught while attracted and landed on human skin. Further morphological and molecular analyses showed that the specimens were identical to Simulium (Gomphostilbia) aziruni Takaoka, Hashim & Chen of the Simulium gombakense species-group. This is the first report on a black fly species attracted to human in Malaysia which serves as a steppingstone towards in-depth studies for black flies in this region. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Higher Institution Centre of Excellence (HICoE) program under the niche vector and vector-borne diseases (Project No. MO002-2019), Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (Project No. FP024-2019A)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Black fly; Human attracted; Malaysia; Simuliidae; Vector; Infectious diseases
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Tropical Infectious Diseases Research and Education Centre
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2021 03:32
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2021 03:32

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