Factors influencing pregnancy planning of multi-ethnic Asian women with diabetes: A qualitative study

Ismail, Irmi Zarina and Ng, Chirk Jenn and Lee, P.Y. and Hussein, N. (2020) Factors influencing pregnancy planning of multi-ethnic Asian women with diabetes: A qualitative study. PLoS ONE, 15 (12). e0242690. ISSN 1932-6203, DOI https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0242690.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0242690


INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy planning varies among women with diabetes. Observing that the literature examining the factors affecting diabetic women's pregnancy intentions in multi-ethnic Asian populations is limited, we sought to explore these factors to give a better perspective on these women's pregnancy planning. METHODS: This qualitative study used individual in-depth interviews to capture the views and experiences of non-pregnant diabetic women of reproductive age in four public health clinics in a southwestern state of peninsular Malaysia from May 2016 to February 2017. The participants were purposively sampled according to ethnicity and were interviewed using a semi-structured topic guide. Interviews were audio-recorded, and transcripts were analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: From the 33 interviews that were analysed, four important factors influencing participants' decisions regarding pregnancy planning were identified. Participants' perception of poor pregnancy outcomes due to advanced age and medical condition was found to have an impact. However, despite these fears and negative relationships with doctors, personal, family and cultural influences supported by religious 'up to God' beliefs took centre stage in the pregnancy intention of some participants. Participants demonstrated a variety of understandings of pregnancy planning. They outlined some activities for pregnancy preparation, although many also reported limited engagement with pre-pregnancy care. CONCLUSIONS: This study emphasised the known dilemma experienced by diabetic women considering their desire for an ideal family structure against their perceived pregnancy risks, heterogeneous religious beliefs and the impact of cultural demands on pregnancy intention. This study urges healthcare providers to increase their engagement with the women in pregnancy planning in a more personalised approach.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Postgraduate Research Fund, UM to II and NCJ (PG282-2016A)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adult; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Clinical Decision-Making; Diabetes Mellitus; Dietary Supplements; Ethnic Groups; Family Planning Services; Female; Folic Acid; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Health Personnel; Humans; Physicians; Pregnancy; Prenatal Care; Qualitative Research; Risk Factors
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2021 04:44
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2021 04:44
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/25731

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