Ketidakpatuhan Maksim Perbualan dan Komunikasi Berkesan dalam “Soal Rakyat”

Zahid, Indirawati (2020) Ketidakpatuhan Maksim Perbualan dan Komunikasi Berkesan dalam “Soal Rakyat”. Issues in Language Studies, 9 (2). pp. 33-51. ISSN 2180-2726, DOI

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The effectiveness of communication is often linked to the observance of conversational maxims (MP) proposed by Grice (1975). There are four MPs proposed, namely Quantity (MPKTT), Quality (MPKLT), Relation (MPHUB) and Manners (MPCR). The non-observance of MP is considered as an ineffective communication. However, studies have shown that the non-observance of MPs does not mean that ongoing communications were ineffective. This analysis used an interview regarding politics-Soal Rakyat (SR) as a corpus, which was broadcasted on television. The analysis has two objectives: first, to classify the non-observance of MPs; and second, to discuss the purpose and factors of non-observance MPs and the effectiveness of the communication based on Malay perspective. Qualitative research methods were applied in the analysis including download, transcriptions and text analysis. The results show that the non-observance of all MPs occurred in SR with the MPKTT and MPCR dominating. There are five factors that influenced the non-observance of MPs, which are audience background, current issues, culture, communication’s context and the interlocutor’s credibility. The purpose of non-observance of MPs is to explain, to emphasise, to express anger/dissatisfaction, and to express honesty. In conclusion, the non-observance of MPs was found not to affect the effectiveness of communication and has refuted that MP Grice is universal and simultaneously rejects Grundy’s (2008) opinion. © 2020, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Effective communication; Interlocutor; Non-observance of maxims; Observance of maxims; Politics
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: Academy of Malay Studies
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2021 08:25
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2021 08:25

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