On-Chip Terahertz Detector Designed with Inset-Feed Rectangular Patch Antenna and Catadioptric Lens

Zhao, Fan and Mao, Luhong and Guo, Weilian and Xie, Sheng and Tee, Clarence Augustine Teck Huo (2020) On-Chip Terahertz Detector Designed with Inset-Feed Rectangular Patch Antenna and Catadioptric Lens. Electronics, 9 (6). p. 1049. ISSN 2079-9292, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9061049.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9061049


This study proposes an on-chip terahertz (THz) detector designed with on-chip inset-feed rectangular patch antenna and catadioptric lens. The detector incorporates a dual antenna and dual NMOSFET structure. Radiation efficiency of the antenna reached 89.4% with 6.89 dB gain by optimizing the antenna inset-feed and micro-strip line sizes. Simulated impedance was 85.55 − j19.81 Ω, and the impedance of the antenna with the ZEONEX horn-like catadioptric lens was 117.03 − j20.28 Ω. Maximum analyzed gain of two on-chip antennas with catadioptric lens was 17.14 dB resonating at 267 GHz. Maximum experimental gain of two on-chip patch antennas was 4.5 dB at 260 GHz, increasing to 10.67 dB at 250 GHz with the catadioptric lens. The proposed on-chip rectangular inset-feed patch antenna has a simple structure, compatible with CMOS processing and easily implemented. The horn-like catadioptric lens was integrated into the front end of the detector chip and hence is easily molded and manufactured, and it effectively reduced terahertz power absorption by the chip substrate. This greatly improved the detector responsivity and provided very high gain. Corresponding detector voltage responsivity with and without the lens was 95.67 kV/W with NEP = 12.8 pW/Hz0.5 at 250 GHz, and 19.2 kV/W with NEP = 67.2 pW/Hz0.5 at 260 GHz, respectively. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Item Type: Article
Funders: National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51425502), Tianjin Natural Science Foundation (Grant Nos. 18JCQNJC04800 and 18JCZDJC31800)
Uncontrolled Keywords: THz detector; rectangular inset-feed patch antenna; catadioptric horn-like lens; CMOS process
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 06:20
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 06:20
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/25700

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