Catalytic deoxygenation of triolein to green fuel over mesoporous TiO2 aided by in situ hydrogen production

Oi, Lee Eng and Choo, Min Yee and Lee, Hwei Voon and Taufiq-Yap, Y.H. and Cheng, Chin Kui and Juan, Joon Ching (2020) Catalytic deoxygenation of triolein to green fuel over mesoporous TiO2 aided by in situ hydrogen production. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 45 (20). pp. 11605-11614. ISSN 0360-3199, DOI

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The greenhouse gases contributed by combustion of fossil fuel has urged the need for sustainable green fuel production. Deoxygenation is the most reliable process to convert bio-oil into green fuel. In this study, the deoxygenation of triolein was investigated via mesoporous TiO2 calcined at different temperature in the absence of external H2. The high conversion of fuel-liked hydrocarbons showed the in situ H2 produced from the reaction. The mesoporous TiO2 calcined at 500 °C (M500) demonstrated the highest activity, around 76.9% conversion was achieved with 78.9% selectivity to hydrocarbon. The reaction proceed through second order kinetic with a rate constant of 0.0557 g−1trioleinh−1. The major product of the reaction were diesel range saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon (60%) further the formation of in situ H2. It is interesting to observe that higher calcination temperature improve crystallinity and remove surface hydroxyls, meanwhile increase the acid density and medium strength acid site. The conversion of triolein increased linearly with the amount of medium strength acid sites. This result suggests that medium-strength acidity of catalyst is a critical factor in determining deoxygenation activities. In addition, the presence of mesopores allow the diffusion of triolein molecules and improve the selectivity. Hence, mesoporous TiO2 with Lewis acidity is a fascinating catalyst and hydrogen donor in high-value green fuel. © 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia ( FP029-2017A ), University of Malaya for SATU Joint Research Scheme (ST009-2017), IPPP Postgraduate Research Grant ( PG071-2014B ), University of Malaya Fellowship Scheme
Uncontrolled Keywords: Deoxygenation; Decarboxylation; Triolein; TiO2; Acidity; Hydrocarbon
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2020 08:48
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2020 08:48

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