Role of endothelial dysfunction in cardiovascular disease: A review

Kadirvelu, Amudha and Tan, Kim Heung and Choy, Anna Maria and Mustafa, Mohd Rais (2000) Role of endothelial dysfunction in cardiovascular disease: A review. Journal of the University of Malaya Medical Centre (JUMMEC), 5 (2). pp. 59-66. ISSN 1823-7339,

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Cardiovascular disease remains to be the chief Cluse of death in industrialized countries. Although me cause of cardiovascular disease remain unknown. it is now clear that an impairment of tissue perfusion represents the primary problem. Three main factors contribute to the impairment of tissue perfusion, which are: enhanced vasoconstrictor responses, increased interaction of circulating blood cells and structural changes of the arterial intima. Endothelium, due to its strategic anatomical location between the circulating blood and vascular smooth muscle is a primary target and mediator of cardiovascular disease. The importance of endothelium in modulating the activity of vascular smooth muscle and therefore in regulating vascular tone was first recognized by the pioneering studies of Furchgott and Zawadzki (I). Functional integrity of the endothelium is crucial for the maintenance of blood flow and antithrombotic capacity beause endothelium releases humoral factors that control muscle relaxation and contraction, thrombogenesis and fibrinolysis and platelet activation and inhibition.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: DH
Uncontrolled Keywords: Endothelial dysfunction; Cardiovascular disease; Physiology of the endothelium
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Mr Jasny Razali
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2020 02:46
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2020 02:46

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