The influence of age-associated comorbidities on responses to combination antiretroviral therapy in older people living with HIV

Ahn, Mi Young and Jiamsakul, Awachana and Khusuwan, Suwimon and Khol, Vohith and Pham, Thuy T. and Chaiwarith, Romanee and Avihingsanon, Anchalee and Kumarasamy, Nagalingeswaran and Wong, Wing Wei and Kiertiburanakul, Sasisopin and Pujari, Sanjay and Nguyen, Kinh V. and Lee, Man Po and Kamarulzaman, Adeeba and Zhang, Fujie and Ditangco, Rossana and Merati, Tuti P. and Yunihastuti, Evy and Ng, Oon Tek and Sim, Benedict L.H. and Tanuma, Junko and Ratanasuwan, Winai and Ross, Jeremy and Choi, Jun Yong (2019) The influence of age-associated comorbidities on responses to combination antiretroviral therapy in older people living with HIV. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 22 (2). e25228. ISSN 1758-2652, DOI

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Introduction: Multiple comorbidities among HIV-positive individuals may increase the potential for polypharmacy causing drug-to-drug interactions and older individuals with comorbidities, particularly those with cognitive impairment, may have difficulty in adhering to complex medications. However, the effects of age-associated comorbidities on the treatment outcomes of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) are not well known. In this study, we investigated the effects of age-associated comorbidities on therapeutic outcomes of cART in HIV-positive adults in Asian countries. Methods: Patients enrolled in the TREAT Asia HIV Observational Database cohort and on cART for more than six months were analysed. Comorbidities included hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia and impaired renal function. Treatment outcomes of patients ≥50 years of age with comorbidities were compared with those <50 years and those ≥50 years without comorbidities. We analysed 5411 patients with virological failure and 5621 with immunologic failure. Our failure outcomes were defined to be in-line with the World Health Organization 2016 guidelines. Cox regression analysis was used to analyse time to first virological and immunological failure. Results: The incidence of virologic failure was 7.72/100 person-years. Virological failure was less likely in patients with better adherence and higher CD4 count at cART initiation. Those acquiring HIV through intravenous drug use were more likely to have virological failure compared to those infected through heterosexual contact. On univariate analysis, patients aged <50 years without comorbidities were more likely to experience virological failure than those aged ≥50 years with comorbidities (hazard ratio 1.75, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.31 to 2.33, p < 0.001). However, the multivariate model showed that age-related comorbidities were not significant factors for virological failure (hazard ratio 1.31, 95% CI 0.98 to 1.74, p = 0.07). There were 391 immunological failures, with an incidence of 2.75/100 person-years. On multivariate analysis, those aged <50 years without comorbidities (p = 0.025) and age <50 years with comorbidities (p = 0.001) were less likely to develop immunological failure compared to those aged ≥50 years with comorbidities. Conclusions: In our Asia regional cohort, age-associated comorbidities did not affect virologic outcomes of cART. Among those with comorbidities, patients <50 years old showed a better CD4 response. © 2019 The Authors. Journal of the International AIDS Society published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of the International AIDS Society.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: age-associated comorbidity; cART; HIV; immunological failure; TAHOD (TREAT Asia HIV Observational Database); virological failure
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 27 May 2020 01:47
Last Modified: 27 May 2020 01:47

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