An Adaptive Wake-Up-Interval to Enhance Receiver-Based Ps-Mac Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

Adam, Mohammed Sani and Por, Lip Yee and Hussain, Mohammad Rashid and Khan, Nawsher and Ang, Tan Fong and Anisi, Mohammad Hossein and Huang, Zhirui and Ali, Ihsan (2019) An Adaptive Wake-Up-Interval to Enhance Receiver-Based Ps-Mac Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors, 19 (17). p. 3732. ISSN 1424-8220, DOI

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Many receiver-based Preamble Sampling Medium Access Control (PS-MAC) protocols have been proposed to provide better performance for variable traffic in a wireless sensor network (WSN). However, most of these protocols cannot prevent the occurrence of incorrect traffic convergence that causes the receiver node to wake-up more frequently than the transmitter node. In this research, a new protocol is proposed to prevent the problem mentioned above. The proposed mechanism has four components, and they are Initial control frame message, traffic estimation function, control frame message, and adaptive function. The initial control frame message is used to initiate the message transmission by the receiver node. The traffic estimation function is proposed to reduce the wake-up frequency of the receiver node by using the proposed traffic status register (TSR), idle listening times (ILTn, ILTk), and “number of wake-up without receiving beacon message” (NWwbm). The control frame message aims to supply the essential information to the receiver node to get the next wake-up-interval (WUI) time for the transmitter node using the proposed adaptive function. The proposed adaptive function is used by the receiver node to calculate the next WUI time of each of the transmitter nodes. Several simulations are conducted based on the benchmark protocols. The outcome of the simulation indicates that the proposed mechanism can prevent the incorrect traffic convergence problem that causes frequent wake-up of the receiver node compared to the transmitter node. Moreover, the simulation results also indicate that the proposed mechanism could reduce energy consumption, produce minor latency, improve the throughput, and produce higher packet delivery ratio compared to other related works. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Deanship of Scientific Research at King Khalid University for funding this work through Research Group Project under grant number R.G.P. 1/166/40, University of Malaya Postgraduate Research Grant (PG035-2016A), Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) (FP114-2018A) from the Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia
Uncontrolled Keywords: wireless sensor networks; wake-up radio; medium access control protocol; receiver-initiated MAC protocol; traffic adaptation
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 18 May 2020 03:17
Last Modified: 18 May 2020 03:17

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