Prevalence, Extent and Severity of the Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics among Malaysian Adolescents

Wan Hassan, Wan Nurazreena and Mohd Yusof, Zamros Yuzadi and Yuen, Sze Wan and Tajudin, Zawani Mohd and Lokman, Najihah and Makhbul, Mohd Zambri Mohamed (2019) Prevalence, Extent and Severity of the Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics among Malaysian Adolescents. Sains Malaysiana, 48 (8). pp. 1729-1736. ISSN 0126-6039, DOI

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This study aimed to assess the prevalence, extent and severity of the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics (PIDA) among Malaysian adolescents especially those with self-perceived malocclusion, and to determine if age and gender affected their PIDA. A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted on 12-17 year old schoolchildren from schools across Malaysia selected via a multi-stage sampling method. The questionnaire included the Malaysian Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics (Malaysian PIDA) questionnaire and the Aesthetic Component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN-AC). The Malaysian PIDA measured four domains: (Dental Self Confidence, 6 items; Social Impact, 8 items; Psychological Impact, 6 items; and Aesthetic Concern, 2 items) to assess impacts on the oral health-related quality of life specific to malocclusion. While the IOTN-AC comprised a 10-point photographic scale to assess self-perceived malocclusion. Data analysis using SPSS version 20 was involved using complete data on 901 participants. The prevalence of Pion was 90.0% while prevalence associated with self-perceived malocclusion was 96.0%. Impact of dental aesthetics was highest on the psychological wellbeing of the adolescents, followed by their self-confidence. In terms of the extent of impact, 14.0% reported significant impact on all four domains and 192% were associated with self-perceived malocclusion. The prevalence of impacts was higher in younger adolescents and females. In terms of the extent and severity of impacts, younger adolescents reported higher impacts but with small effect sizes, while differences between boys and girls were not significant.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FP033-2015A aka FRGS/1/2015/SKK14/UM/02/2)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adolescent health; malocclusion; oral health care; oral health-related quality of life; orthodontics
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
R Medicine > RK Dentistry > Practice of dentistry. Dental economics
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Children’s Dentistry And Orthodontics
Depositing User: Mr Ahmad Azwan Azman
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2020 02:12
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2021 01:38

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