Predictive risk factors for complicated pneumonia in Malaysian children

Ooi, Jian Min and Eg, Kah Peng and Chinna, Karuthan and Nathan, Anna Marie and De Bruyne, Jessie Anne and Thavagnanam, Surendran (2019) Predictive risk factors for complicated pneumonia in Malaysian children. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 55 (4). pp. 406-410. ISSN 1034-4810, DOI

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Aim: To investigate baseline characteristics associated with complicated community-acquired pneumonia (CAPc) in Malaysian children. CAPc, such as pleural effusion and/or empyema, is on the rise, especially in Southeast Asian children, and the reasons for this are unknown. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on all children aged 2–16 years who were admitted to the University Malaya Medical Centre with community-acquired pneumonia between 2012 and 2014. Results: In this study, of the 343 children, 58 (17%) developed CAPc. Chinese ethnicity (P < 0.001), reduced breastfeeding duration (P = 0.003), not receiving outpatient antibiotic (P < 0.001) and exposure to parental smoking (P < 0.001) were identified as risk factors for CAPc. Markedly increased respiratory rate (P = 0.021) and thrombocytosis (P < 0.001) were noted as the clinical parameters for CAPc. Conclusion: This study identifies some modifiable risk to reduce the burden of pneumonia complications. © 2018 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (The Royal Australasian College of Physicians)

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: complicated pneumonia; paediatrics; risk factors
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2020 02:22
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2020 02:22

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