Small molecule grp94 inhibitors block dengue and Zika virus replication

Rothan, Hussin A. and Zhong, Yongwang and Sanborn, Mark A. and Teoh, Teow Chong and Ruan, Jingjing and Yusof, Rohana and Hang, Jun and Henderson, Mark J. and Fang, Shengyun (2019) Small molecule grp94 inhibitors block dengue and Zika virus replication. Antiviral Research, 171. p. 104590. ISSN 0166-3542, DOI

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Two major flaviviruses, dengue virus (DENV) and Zika virus (ZIKV), cause severe health and economic burdens worldwide. Recently, genome-wide screenings have uncovered the importance of regulators of the Hrd1 ubiquitin ligase-mediated endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation (ERAD) pathway for flavivirus replication in host cells. Here we report the identification of the compound Bardoxolone methyl (CDDO-me) as a potent inhibitor of the Hrd1 ubiquitin ligase-mediated ERAD, which possesses a broad-spectrum activity against both DENV and ZIKV. Cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA) suggested that CDDO-me binds to grp94, a key component of the Hrd1 pathway, at a low nanomolar concentration, whereas interaction was not detected with its paralog Hsp90. CDDO-me and the grp94 inhibitor PU-WS13 substantially suppressed DENV2 replication and the cytopathic effects caused by DENV and ZIKV infection. The antiviral activities of both compounds were demonstrated for all four DENV serotypes and four ZIKV strains in multiple human cell lines. This study defines grp94 as a crucial host factor for flavivirus replication and identified CDDO-me as a potent small molecule inhibitor of flavivirus infection. Inhibition of grp94 may contribute to the antiviral activity of CDDO-me. Further investigation of grp94 inhibitors may lead to a new class of broad-spectrum anti-flaviviral medications. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ERAD; CDDO-me; Dengue virus; Zika virus; grp94; Antiviral
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2020 04:15
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2020 04:15

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