Crosslinked thermoelectric hydro-ionogels: A new class of highly conductive thermoelectric materials

Sajid, Imran Haider and Sabri, Mohd Faizul Mohd and Said, Suhana Mohd and Salleh, Faiz and Ghazali, Nik Nazri Nik and Saidur, R. and Subramaniam, Balamurugan and Hasan, Syed Waqar and Jaffery, Hasan Abbas (2019) Crosslinked thermoelectric hydro-ionogels: A new class of highly conductive thermoelectric materials. Energy Conversion and Management, 198. p. 111813. ISSN 0196-8904, DOI

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In this work, a new class of highly-conductive chemically cross-linked gel has been synthesized by the confinement of water and IL N, N, N triethyl octyl ammonium bromide ([N2228] Br) in polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate (PEGDMA) matrix, using in situ thermally initiated radical polymerization loaded with 1 wt% free radical initiator azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN). This novel gel was named as hydro-ionogel (HIG). The thermoelectric properties of HIG such as ionic conductivity, Seebeck coefficient, and thermal conductivity were measured and owing to its high thermoelectric performance, we referred to this as crosslinked thermoelectric hydro-ionogel, henceforth will be denoted by X-TEHIG. For all the measurements, coin cells were fabricated using commercial LIR 2032 stainless steel battery casings with X-TEHIG sandwiched between the two graphene electrodes. The ionic conductivity of X-TEHIG was examined via AC impedance spectroscopy technique by using a Gamry apparatus. Remarkably, the ionic conductivity of X-TEHIG was higher than that of neat [N2228] Br. A linear increase in ionic conductivity of X-TEHIG as a function of temperature was recorded that showed a considerably higher value of 74 mScm−1 at 70 °C. The origin of this high conductivity is attributed to interactions between PEGDMA monomers and cations and anions of the IL and formation of hydrogen bonds between water and Br− anion, O–H⋯Br−. X-TEHIG demonstrated a higher Seebeck coefficient of 1.38 mVK−1. The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy results revealed the successful polymerization of X-TEHIG by the disappearance of C[dbnd]C peak of methacrylate group in the spectrum of PEGDMA. These results suggest that X-TEHIG may be a potential candidate for thermoelectric applications owing to their high values of ionic conductivity and Seebeck coefficient. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya for the financial support through a postgraduate research grant, PPP grant (Grant No. PG041-2015B ), FRGS (Grant No. FP064/2016 ) and FRG (Grant No. FG009/17AFR ), Sunway University through the project no# STR-RCTR-RCNMET-001-2019
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crosslinked thermoelectric hydro-ionogel; Thermal conductivity; Ionic conductivity; Seebeck coefficient; Cyclic voltammetry; FTIR spectroscopy
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2020 02:36
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2020 02:36

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