Effectiveness of Nature-Inspired Algorithms using ANFIS for Blade Design Optimization and Wind Turbine Efficiency

Sarkar, Md Rasel and Julai, Sabariah and Chong, Wen Tong and Toha, Siti Fauziah (2019) Effectiveness of Nature-Inspired Algorithms using ANFIS for Blade Design Optimization and Wind Turbine Efficiency. Symmetry, 11 (4). p. 456. ISSN 2073-8994, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11040456.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11040456


Blade design of the horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) is an important parameter that determines the reliability and efficiency of a wind turbine. It is important to optimize the capture of the energy in the wind that can be correlated to the power coefficient (Cp) of HAWT system. In this paper, nature-inspired algorithms, e.g., ant colony optimization (ACO), artificial bee colony (ABC), and particle swarm optimization (PSO) are used to search for the blade parameters that can give the maximum value of Cp for HAWT. The parameters are tip speed ratio, blade radius, lift to drag ratio, solidity ratio, and chord length. The performance of these three algorithms in obtaining the optimal blade design based on the Cp are investigated and compared. In addition, an adaptive neuro-fuzzy interface (ANFIS) approach is implemented to predict the Cp of wind turbine blades for investigation of algorithm performance based on the coefficient determination (R 2 ) and root mean square error (RMSE). The optimized blade design parameters are validated with experimental results from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). It was found that the optimized blade design parameters were obtained using an ABC algorithm with the maximum value power coefficient higher than ACO and PSO. The predicted Cp using ANFIS-ABC also outperformed the ANFIS-ACO and ANFIS-PSO. The difference between optimized and predicted is very small which implies the effectiveness of nature-inspired algorithms in this application. In addition, the value of RMSE and R 2 of the ABC-ANFIS algorithm were lower (indicating that the result obtained is more accurate) than the ACO and PSO algorithms. © 2019 by the authors.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia and University Malaya (ERGS No. ER0142013A, High Impact Research Grant (HIR-D000006-16001))
Uncontrolled Keywords: optimization; blade design parameters; coefficient of performance; ant colony optimization; particle swarm optimization; artificial bee colony; ANFIS
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2020 02:15
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2020 02:15
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/23522

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