Evaluation of Municipal Solid Wastes Based Energy Potential in Urban Pakistan

Siddiqi, Muhammad Mobin and Naseer, Muhammad Nihal and Wahab, Yasmin Abdul and Hamizi, Nor Aliya and Badruddin, Irfan Anjum and Chowdhury, Zaira Zaman and Akbarzadeh, Omid and Johan, Mohd Rafie and Khan, T.M. Yunus and Kamangar, Sarfaraz (2019) Evaluation of Municipal Solid Wastes Based Energy Potential in Urban Pakistan. Processes, 7 (11). p. 848. ISSN 2227-9717, DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110848.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110848


Solid waste management needs re-evaluating in developing countries like Pakistan, which currently employs landfilling as a first option. Over time, increasing population will result in decreasing space for landfill sites, ultimately increasing the cost of landfilling, while increasing accumulated waste will cause pollution. Locating and preparing a sanitary landfill includes the securing of large sectors and also everyday activity with the end goal to limit potential negative impacts. Energy production from municipal solid waste (MSW) is a perceptive idea for large cities, such as Karachi, as waste, which is an undesirable output that adds to land and air pollution, is transformed into a vital source of energy. The current study strives to provide a destination to solid waste by evaluating the energy potential that waste provides for power generation by the process of incineration. A sustainable energy generation plant based on the Rankine cycle is proposed. This study evaluates the various landfill sites in the case study area to determine their sustainability for a waste to energy (WtE) plant. The implementation of the proposed plant will not only provide an ultimate destination to waste but also generate 121.9 MW electricity at 25% plant efficiency. Thus, the generated electricity can be used to run a WtE plant and meet the energy requirements of the residents. © 2019 by the authors.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya for funding this work under grant number RU001-2018 and ST030-2019
Uncontrolled Keywords: energy generation; waste management; alternative solid fuel; incineration; municipal solid waste management; solid waste to energy
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2020 01:32
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2020 01:32
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/23445

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