Effective photoreduction of graphene oxide for photodegradation of volatile organic compounds

Tai, Xin Hong and Chook, Soon Wei and Lai, Chin Wei and Lee, Kian Mun and Yang, Thomas Chung Kuang and Chong, Siewhui and Juan, Joon Ching (2019) Effective photoreduction of graphene oxide for photodegradation of volatile organic compounds. RSC Advances, 9 (31). pp. 18076-18086. ISSN 2046-2069, DOI https://doi.org/10.1039/C9RA01209E.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1039/C9RA01209E


Nowadays, humans spend most of their time indoors and are frequently exposed to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from various sources. The photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) method is a relatively more efficient method than the adsorption method for removing VOCs from the environment. In this work, graphene oxide (GO) was partially reduced via photoreduction under ultraviolet light (UV-A) irradiation and then used as a photocatalyst to degrade VOCs. After photoreduction, the band gap of the partially reduced graphene oxide (PRGO) decreased from 3.5-4.5 eV to 3.1-4.0 eV. Methanol vapour, which acts as a model VOC, was photodegraded using the PRGO. The effectiveness of the PRGO was mainly due to the removal of oxygen functional groups and restoration of the sp2 domain. This lowered the band gap and slowed down the electron recombination rate, which resulted in a higher photocatalytic activity. The photocatalytic activity of PRGO followed pseudo-first order kinetics, with a rate constant of 0.0025 min-1, and it could be reused for five cycles without any significant loss in the photocatalytic activity. This study demonstrates the potential of PRGO as a versatile and stable metal-free photocatalyst to remove indoor pollutants. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Transdisciplinary Research Grant Scheme (TR001B-2015A), SATU Grant (ST010-2017 and RU018M-2016)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adsorption method; Electron recombinations; Indoor pollutants; Oxygen functional groups; Photocatalytic oxidations; Pseudo first-order kinetics; Reduced graphene oxides; Ultra-violet light
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2020 06:10
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2020 06:10
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/23346

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