Highly Sensitive and Selective Ethanol Sensor Based on ZnO Nanorod on SnO2 Thin Film Fabricated by Spray Pyrolysis

Tharsika, Thabothanayakam and Thanihaichelvan, Murugathas and Haseeb, A.S. Md. Abdul and Akbar, Sheikh Ali (2019) Highly Sensitive and Selective Ethanol Sensor Based on ZnO Nanorod on SnO2 Thin Film Fabricated by Spray Pyrolysis. Frontiers in Materials, 6. p. 122. ISSN 2296-8016, DOI https://doi.org/10.3389/fmats.2019.00122.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmats.2019.00122


This work reports the fabrication of mixed structure of ZnO nanorod on SnO2 thin film via spray pyrolysis followed by thermal annealing and their gas sensing properties. ZnO/SnO2 nanostructures are successfully prepared on a gold interdigitated alumina substrate by spraying varying mixed precursor concentrations of zinc acetate and tin (IV) chloride pentahydrate solutions in ethanol and thermal annealing. The morphology of the nanostructures is controlled by tailoring the Zn:Sn ratio in the precursor solution mixture. Unique ZnO crystals and ZnO nanorods are observed under a field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) when the Zn/Sn ratio in the precursor solution is in between 13:7 and 17:3 after thermal annealing. The fabricated nanostructures are tested for ethanol, methane and hydrogen in air ambient for various gas concentrations ranging from 25 to 400 ppm and the effect of fabrication conditions on the sensitivity and selectivity are studied. Among the nanostructure sensors studied, the film fabricated with molar ratio of Zn/Sn =3:1 shows better sensitivity and selectivity to ethanol due to high sensing surface area of the nanorod. The response to 25 ppm ethanol is found to be as high as 50 at an operating temperature of 400°C. © 2019 Tharsika, Thanihaichelvan, Haseeb and Akbar.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya and Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia: FRGS Grant (FP014-2015A), National Science Foundation Grant 1609142
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ethanol; Gas sensor; Nanocomposite; Nanorod; SnO2; Spray pyrolysis; Thin film; ZnO
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2019 02:18
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2019 02:18
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/23246

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