Sensorless control system for assistive robotic ankle-foot

Al Kouzbary, Mouaz and Abu Osman, Noor Azuan and Wahab, Ahmad Khairi Abdul (2018) Sensorless control system for assistive robotic ankle-foot. International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems, 15 (3). p. 172988141877585. ISSN 1729-8814, DOI

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This article presents a novel sensorless control system of assistive robotic ankle-foot prosthesis, two estimation algorithms were developed and an analogy between them has been made. The system actuator’s motor is a permanent magnet synchronous motor, unlike other powered ankle-foot, where the brushless DC motor and DC motor were used. Utilizing the permanent magnet synchronous motor will reduce the torque ripples and increase system ability to be overloaded compared to systems which utilize the brushless DC motor. Moreover, the ability of the machine to operate in all speed range makes this machine more suitable for the application. Both estimation algorithms are built using C-code and assessed in MATLAB Simulink. The estimation algorithms are used to provide motor and powered ankle-foot’s angular speed and position. Two-level control system is used to evaluate the estimation algorithms; the control system role is to mimic biological ankle-foot performance during normal ground level walking speed. Based on the result of this article the unscented Kalman filter (UKF) is applicable for the application, as a result of the observer ability to estimate the motor load and angular position. On the other hand, extended Kalman filter (EKF) accuracy is affected by the load applied to the motor. Furthermore, the angular position is evaluated by integration of the angular speed which means integration of angular speed estimation error.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Below-knee powered prosthesis; EKF; powered ankle-foot; powered prosthetic ankle-foot; robotic ankle-foot; sensorless control; UKF
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2019 02:20
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2019 02:20

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