Evaluation of Methadone Treatment in Malaysia: Findings from the Malaysian Methadone Treatment Outcome Study (MyTOS)

Ali, Norsiah and Aziz, Salina Abd and Nordin, Salmah and Mi, Norliza Che and Abdullah, Norni and Paranthaman, V. and Mahmud, Maimunah and Yee, Anne and Danaee, Mahmoud (2018) Evaluation of Methadone Treatment in Malaysia: Findings from the Malaysian Methadone Treatment Outcome Study (MyTOS). Substance Use & Misuse, 53 (2). pp. 239-248. ISSN 1082-6084, DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2017.1385630.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2017.1385630


Background: Opioid misuse and dependence is a global issue with a huge negative impact. In Malaysia, heroin is still the main illicit drug used, and methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been used since 2005. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of MMT. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 103 treatment centers between October and December 2014 using a set of standard questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS Statistics 20. Results: There were 3254 respondents (93.6% response rate); of these 17.5% (n = 570) transferred to another treatment center, 8.6% (n = 280) died, 29.2% (n = 950) defaulted, and 7.6% (n = 247) were terminated for various reasons. Hence, 1233 (37%) respondents' baseline and follow-up data were further analyzed. Respondents had a mean age of 39.2 years old and were mainly male, Malay, Muslim, married (51.1%, n = 617), and currently employed. Few showed viral seroconversion after they started MMT (HIV: 0.5%, n = 6; Hepatitis B: 0.3%, n = 4; Hepatitis C: 2.7%, n = 29). There were significant reductions in opioid use, HIV risk-taking score (p < 0.01), social functioning (p < 0.01), crime (p < 0.01), and health (p < 0.01). However, there were significant improvements in quality of life in the physical, psychological, social, and environmental domains. Factors associated with change were being married, employed, consuming alcohol, and high criminality at baseline. Lower methadone dosage was significantly associated with improvements in the physical, psychological, and environmental domains. Conclusion/Importance: The MMT program was found to be successful; hence, it should be expanded.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Health Research Grant and approved on August 28, 2014 (MRG-MOH-2014-10)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Effectiveness; Malaysia; methadone treatment; outcome study; quality of life
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Academic & International) Office > Academic Enhancement and Leadership Development Centre (Adec)
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2019 07:10
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2019 07:10
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/22554

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