Food Addiction Does Not Explain Weight Gain in Smoking Cessation

Amer Nordin, Amer Siddiq and Adamson, Simon Justin and Sellman, John Douglas (2018) Food Addiction Does Not Explain Weight Gain in Smoking Cessation. Journal of Smoking Cessation, 13 (2). pp. 59-62. ISSN 1834-2612, DOI

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Introduction: Weight gain during smoking cessation is a major concern. The relationship between smoking and weight is complex and not well understood. There is interest in substitution of nicotine with food. Aims: This study investigates whether the development of food addiction explains weight gain following a quit smoking attempt. Methods: This study was a subset of a larger study investigating smoking cessation in New Zealand. Participants were assessed on five visits over a 1-year period. Using validated instruments, measurements for smoking, weight, food intake, craving and food addiction were taken. Results: Among the 256 participants, 54.7% attended at least one follow-up. Food addiction prevalence at baseline was 0.8%. 14.5% were quit at early follow-up and 14.8% at late follow-up. Weight gain was found in abstainers compared to those still smoking. No increase in food addiction was detected. Conclusion: The development of food addiction does not play a prominent role in post quit weight gain. Further research is needed to elucidate the underlying weight gain mechanisms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Smoking; Smoking Cessation; Quitting smoking
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2019 08:20
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 08:20

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