Sorption potential of oil palm shell for the removal of chlorinated phenol from aqueous solution:Kinetic investigation

Anisuzzaman, S.M. and Joseph, Collin Glen and Krishnaiah, Duduku and Daud, Wan Mohd Ashri Wan and Suali, Emma and Chee, F.C. (2018) Sorption potential of oil palm shell for the removal of chlorinated phenol from aqueous solution:Kinetic investigation. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 13 (2). pp. 489-504. ISSN 1823-4690,

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In this study, activated carbons (ACs) from oil palm shell (OPS) were prepared using the two-stage self-generated atmosphere method, comprising of a semi-carbonization stage and a chemical activation stage, which were fixed at 300°C and 500°C respectively. The prepared adsorbents were tested in the removal of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) from aqueous solution. The samples were impregnated by varying the zinc chloride (ZnCl2) to precursor (OPS) ratio, after which, the final products, ACs, underwent several aspects of chemical and physical characterizations, i.e. percentage of yield, moisture content, ash content, pH, porosity, adsorption kinetics and isotherms (2,4-DCP) and surface chemistry of the adsorbent. The results indicated that the percentage of yield, moisture content and ash content had increased in proportional to the increase in ZnCl2 ratio. It was found that AC4, with the impregnation ration of 1:4 (OPS:ZnCl2) had the highest adsorption capacity of 26.40 mg/g. While the maximum Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) surface area of AC4 was found to be around 1020 m2/g. Adsorption studies indicated an increased in adsorption capacity in proportional to the increase in adsorbate initial concentration and adsorbent dosage, whereas a higher pH decreased the adsorption capacity. The adsorption isotherm of all the prepared ACs fitted well to the Langmuir model, while the sorption kinetics followed the pseudo-second order, indicating that the adsorption was a single layer chemisorption process.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Research Management Center of Universiti Malaya in collaboration with the Center of Research and Innovation of Universiti Malaysia Sabah (Grant No. GL0111 or UM Project code: CG071-2013)
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2,4-dichlorophenol; Activated carbon; Oil palm shell; Two stage self-generated atmosphere
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2019 03:38
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2019 03:38

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