Childhood overweight/obesity and social inequality in peri-urban regions of Taipei

Chang, Shu Huei and Zhang, Yong and Lin, Cheng Te and Kao, Chung Lan and Lim, Boon Hooi and Hung, Ta Cheng and Tseng, Ching Yu and Kuo, Chia Hua (2018) Childhood overweight/obesity and social inequality in peri-urban regions of Taipei. Habitat International, 73. pp. 1-5. ISSN 0197-3975, DOI

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A cross-sectional analysis of 33,942 schoolchildren at 6th grade (peri-urban New Taipei, N = 25,028; urban Taipei, N = 8914), representing >50% of children population of the age in Taipei metropolitan area, was examined for the disparity in overweight/obesity prevalence between urban and expanding peri-urban regions. Overweight/obese prevalence of schoolchildren at the age level is 30.4%. Peri-urban schoolchildren had higher overweight/obesity prevalence than urban peers (Girls: 26.0% vs 20.6%, P < 0.001; Boys: 37.1% vs 33.8%, P < 0.001). Children in both regions spent substantially more time on homework/reading than television viewing and computer use. Peri-urban children spent less time on homework/reading and more time on television and computer use than their urban counterparts (P < 0.001). Children with parental education category at “No College” were 54.8% in peri-urban area against 24.8% in urban area (P < 0.001). They were 1.0 cm shorter in height and ∼1.0 kg heavier in weight, and spent less time on homework/reading than those at “College” (P < 0.001). This is the first report presents a disparity in childhood overweight/obesity prevalence between peri-urban and urban places. Public efforts are needed to solve the childhood overweight/obesity problem secondary to social inequality in places at developing stages during urbanization.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Taipei City Government, New Taipei City government, and University of Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
Uncontrolled Keywords: Peri-urban; Sedentary behavior; Social disparity; Childhood obesity; Parental education; Homework
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Sports and Exercise Science (formerly known as Centre for Sports & Exercise Sciences)
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2019 04:41
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2019 04:41

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