Application of zirconia surface coating to improve fracture resistance and stress distribution of zirconia ceramic restorations

Farhan, Firas Abdulameer and Sulaiman, Eshamsul and Kutty, Muralithran Govindan (2018) Application of zirconia surface coating to improve fracture resistance and stress distribution of zirconia ceramic restorations. Ceramics International, 44 (17). pp. 21633-21640. ISSN 0272-8842, DOI

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Zirconia ceramic restoration (ZCR) has a higher fracture incidence rate than metal ceramic restoration. Different surface treatments were used to improve fracture performance of ZCR such as grit blasting (GB) by aluminium oxide powder. This type of surface treatment generate residual stresses on veneering ceramic causing crack initiation and ending with a fracture. In order to overcome the stress generated by GB, zirconia surface coating is used as a surface treatment to improve fracture resistance and to accommodate stresses along the ZCR layers. Fifty zirconia ceramic crowns were fabricated and divided according to the type of surface treatment into three groups; the first group is (ZG), involving 20 cores were coated with a mixture of partially-sintered zirconia powder (PZP) and glaze ceramic powder; the second group is (ZL), including of 20 cores were coated with PZP and liner ceramic paste. The third group is grit blasting (GB), preparing of 10 fully sintered cores at 1350 °C which then abraded by 50 µm aluminium oxide powder. The groups ZG and ZL were further subdivided into ZG26, ZG47, ZL26 and ZL47 based on two PZP sizes (47 and 26 µm). Each treated core was veneered with the veneering ceramic layer. Fracture resistance (FR) was measured by the universal testing machine. Finite element analysis (FEA) was used to simulate the stress distributions on the coated and non-coated zirconia crown models. The ZG47 group had higher FR (647.92 ± 97.33 N) and a significant difference (P < 0.00) compared to GB and other coated groups. The FEA exhibited lower and evenly distributed stresses of the zirconia glaze model than the zirconia liner and the non-coated models. The ZG47 coating considered as an alternative method to GB treatment which increases the FR which significantly improved the clinical performance of the ZCR.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya, Malaysia IPPP (grant number PG330-2016A), University Malaya research fund assistance (BKP) grant number BKS011-2017
Uncontrolled Keywords: Zirconia surface coating; Zirconia ceramic restoration; Fracture resistance; Fractographic analysis, Finite element analysis
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2019 02:23
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2019 02:23

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