Impact of Socio-economic Class on Colorectal Cancer Patient Outcomes in Kuala Lumpur and Kuching, Malaysia

Kong, Chee Kwan and Roslani, April Camilla and Law, Chee Wei and Law, Diana Suk Chin and Arumugam, Kulenthran (2010) Impact of Socio-economic Class on Colorectal Cancer Patient Outcomes in Kuala Lumpur and Kuching, Malaysia. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 11 (4). pp. 969-974. ISSN 1513-7368, DOI 21133609.

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Objective: Research over the past several decades has indicated that low socioeconomic class has a direct effect on health outcomes. In Malaysia, class distribution may differ with the region. The objective of this study was to compare the presentation and survival of colorectal cancer patients in two dissimilar cities, Kuala Lumpur and Kuching, Sarawak. Methods: All patients diagnosed with a malignancy of the colon or rectum in Sarawak General Hospital and University of Malaya Medical Center from 1st Jan 2000-31st Dec 2006 were recruited. Data on presentation, socio-economic class and survival were obtained. The survival duration was categorized into more than three years or three years and less. Testing for significance was performed using the chi-square test, with p values less than 0.05 considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 565 patients in UMMC and 642 patients in SGH had a new diagnosis of colorectal carcinoma. Patients in Kuching had a longer duration of symptoms and more advanced stage at presentation, but this was not statistically significant. Lower socio-economic class was a significant factor for late and more advanced stage at diagnosis, as well as poorer three and five year survival rates. However, survival was lower for patients in Kuching compared to Kuala Lumpur, even after matching for socio-economic class. Conclusion: There is near-zero awareness of colorectal cancer screening in Malaysia. These findings support reaching out to communities of lower socioeconomic backgrounds to improve the colorectal cancer survival rates.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: colorectal cancer; survival rate; socio-economic class; Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur; Sarawak
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Zanaria Saupi Udin
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2011 10:57
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2019 04:26

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