Carbon dioxide induced degradation of diethanolamine during absorption and desorption processes

Islam, Md. Sakinul and Dhanavath, Kotaiah Naik and Kao, Nhol and Bhattacharjee, Pradipto K. and Ali, Brahim Si and Yusoff, Rozita (2018) Carbon dioxide induced degradation of diethanolamine during absorption and desorption processes. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 26 (2). pp. 293-302. ISSN 1004-9541, DOI

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Alkanolamines are widely used in the purification of the sour gas sweetening process. During the sour gas absorption process, CO2 significantly degrades the amine solvent and creates enormous problems for plant operation. In this work, CO2 induced degradation of aqueous diethanolamine (DEA) solution was conducted in a 1.25 L jacketed glass reactor that functioned as an absorber and stripper at atmospheric conditions. Pure CO2 was bubbled through the reactor until the solution became saturated. In this study, the concentrations of DEA used were in the range of concentrations between 2 mol·L− 1 and 4 mol·L− 1. In the degradation experiment, six generic cycles were conducted for each run. Each cycle was configured with the absorption and desorption of carbon dioxide at 55 °C and 100 °C, respectively. Samples were collected after a predetermined experimental time and analyzed by ion chromatography (IC) to identify unknown ionic degradation products (DGPs). In the IC analysis, three different columns were used for anion, cation and ion exclusion systems, which are Metrosep A Supp 5 150/4.0, Metrosep C Supp 4 150/4.0 and Metrosep Organic Acids, respectively. The major identified DGPs of D01DEA2M, D02DEA3M, and D03DEA4M are nitrite, acetate and ammonium. Phosphate product was found in the degraded amine samples which might be due to the contamination of water or chromatographic system.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, Malaysia (MOSTI) the project: RG003/09AET
Uncontrolled Keywords: Degradation; Diethanolamine; Absorption; Stripping; Gas sweetening process
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2019 08:18
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2019 08:18

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