The impact of anticipatory guidance on early childhood caries: a quasi-experimental study

Ismail, Azhani and Razak, Ishak Abdul and Ab-Murat, Norintan (2018) The impact of anticipatory guidance on early childhood caries: a quasi-experimental study. BMC Oral Health, 18 (1). p. 126. ISSN 1472-6831, DOI

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Background: This study evaluated the impact of anticipatory guidance on the caries incidence of 2-3-year-old preschool children and their 4-6-year-old siblings, as well as on their mothers' oral health literacy, as compared to the conventional Ministry of Health (MOH) programme. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted at two government dental clinics in Batu Pahat District, Malaysia. The samples comprised of 478 mother-child-sibling trios (233 families in the intervention group, and 245 families in the control group). An oral health package named the Family Dental Wellness Programme (FDWP) was designed to provide dental examinations and oral health education through anticipatory guidance technique to the intervention group at six-month intervals over 3 years. The control group received the standard MOH oral health education activities. The impact of FDWP on net caries increment, caries prevented fraction, and mother's oral health literacy was assessed after 3 years of intervention. Results: Children and siblings in the intervention group had a significantly lower net caries increment (0.24 ± SD0.8; 0.20 ± SD0.7) compared to the control group (0.75 ± SD1.2; 0.55 ± SD0.9). The caries prevented fraction for FDWP was 68% for the younger siblings and 63.6% for the older children. The 2-3-year-old children in the intervention group had a significantly lower incidence of white spot lesions than their counterpart (12% vs 25%, p < 0.05). At three-year follow-up, there were significant increments in the oral health literacy scores of mothers in the intervention group compared to the control group. Conclusion: The FDWP is more effective than the standard MOH programme in terms of children's and siblings' caries incidence and mother's oral health literacy.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya’s Postgraduate by Coursework Research Fund (Vote No: NMRR-14-1680-23783)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anticipatory guidance; Early childhood caries; Oral health education; Oral health literacy
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2019 07:40
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2019 07:40

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