Assessment of health risk due to the exposure of heavy metals in soil around mega coal-fired cement factory in Nigeria

Kolo, Matthew Tikpangi and Khandaker, Mayeen Uddin and Amin, Yusoff Mohd and Abdullah, Wan Hasiah and Bradley, David Andrew and Alzimami, Khalid Sulaiman (2018) Assessment of health risk due to the exposure of heavy metals in soil around mega coal-fired cement factory in Nigeria. Results in Physics, 11. pp. 755-762. ISSN 2211-3797, DOI

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Mobilization and dispersion of potentially toxic elements into the atmosphere and human environment due to industrial and anthropogenic activities have been associated with significant human health challenges. In this investigation, 20 surface soil samples collected around a coal-fired cement factory in northeast Nigeria were analysed for their heavy metal (Cr, Pb, Ni, Cu, Zn and Mn) concentrations using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The results showed that mean concentrations of heavy metals, except for Cr were lower than their normal backgrounds (Cr = 76.44 > 64 mg kg−1, Pb = 19.32 < 70 mg kg−1, Ni = 29.09 < 50 mg kg−1, Cu = 5.03 < 63 mg kg−1, Zn = 10.15 < 200 mg kg−1) provided in the Canadian soil quality guidelines. Potential health risk assessment for adults and children for lifetime exposure through ingestion, inhalation and dermal contact were estimated. Statistical analysis identified anthropogenic activities as the principal source of metal contamination in the studied soils. Risk assessments indicated that ingestion pathway is the primary exposure route for both adults and children. Children were found to be prone to higher health risk possibly due to their hand-to-mouth dietary habits. Carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic health risk values were within safety limits for all the metals, though Cr showed a high potential for occurrence of non-carcinogenic health effects in the subpopulations.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Federal Government of Nigeria through the Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TetFund), Deanship of Scientific Research, College of Applied Medical Sciences Research Center at King Saud University
Uncontrolled Keywords: AshakaCem environment; Soil samples; ICP-MS; Heavy metals exposure; Risk assessment
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QE Geology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Geology
Faculty of Science > Department of Physics
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2019 07:41
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2019 07:41

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